Wine is an elite liquor which is known for its sweet and rich flavours. Winemaking is the complex yet beautiful process of creating a perfect liquor. The taste of wine depends on the type of grape used and the time it is aged. The taste of the wine is its key factor the taste starts developing from the harvest itself.
So here we will see the basic steps of winemaking and what influences its taste.
The picking of ripe grapes is the first process for winemaking. The grapes are used as they have the perfect balance of sugar, acid, esters, and other things. These make them perfect for being used as they could be preserved for liquor. In countries like northern Europe and the eastern US, the grapes ripe with some sugar deficiency to counter that extra sugar or grape concentrate is added. The harvest can be done either by hand or by machines. But many vineyard owners prefer handpicking as machines can be harsh for grapes. After picking they are sorted in bunches by quality.
Crushing of grapes is the traditional method involved in winemaking. But today with modern tech and machineries grapes are crushed and steamed at the same time. A piston crusher or a roller crusher is used. In older traditional ways grapes were crushed using bare feet and hands.
Fermentation is the part where the grape juice evolves into wine. It is an essential process and it has never been changed much since old times. In this process, the complex sugar is broken down. Fermentation starts within 12 hours of adding it to the juice in the presence of air. The selection of yeast and the period of fermentation differs with the maker to maker. The process is stopped before all the sugar is converted into alcohol completely for a sweet wine.
After fermentation is completed, the clarification process begins. This process removes the suspended particles and makes the wine clearer. This process is done in large wooden barrels. Many precipitators are added to the wine to precipitate the unneeded things out. The process is repeated again and again and every time barrel is changed. After this, the wine is ready to be aged.
Ageing and bottling
After clarification, the wine is ready to be bottled. But an alternative of bringing extra richness to the wine is done by ageing it. This process is just simply keeping the wine in different containers over a while. The ageing process is different for different types of wine. Whatever the path is chosen the end product of a perfect wine is achieved.
Taste effect through various process
The type of grapes used and the time of harvest greatly impacts the raw taste. The type of grape used and the ripeness of it also differs its taste.
When grapes are crushed they are crushed with their skin seed and solids. This effects not only the taste but also the colour so the must is separated from the rest as soon as they are crushed to get white wine.
The fermentation is the magical process of turning grape juice into wine. The period of fermentation decides the alcohol content and the sweetness directly.
This process is one of the favourites in terms of taste determination. As the process of clarification is a rather slow one of the aroma and essence of wood used in barrels gets infused with wine. So wood from special trees are used to make the wine even further richer.
Ageing and Bottling
The ageing is a special and last step towards winemaking. As the taste is developed over time in some wines, they are aged to attain the perfection of a wine.
Also, check out the PS5 specification released in detail.