Ramappa Temple is an ancient temple. It dates back to the 12th century. This temple is at Palampet village which is 77 km away from Warangal. The construction took over 40 years from the Rudra Deva period to Ganapathi Deva.
Construction of this temple is in the South Indian architectural style. The Shiva Lingam in this temple has been installed on a star-shaped platform and is 6 ft high. This temple also called as Rameswara temple, Rudreshwara temple. The god shiva inside this temple is called Ramalingeshwara Swamy.
Inscription- The History Of Ramappa Temple
An inscription in the temple dates it to the year 1213 CE. General Recherla Rudra constructed at the time of the Kakatiya ruler Ganapati Deva. The temple is named after the sculptor Ramappa. Perhaps, it is the only temple in India with a raftsman name.
The height of the Nandhi is 9feets. It is opposite the main temple.
The speciality of Nandhi is:
- eye: from wherever we see it appears that it is seeing us only
- leg: whenever his master orders him he is ready to get up and take his master’s order
- ears: ears are facing directly to his master.
- Head: the head is facing slightly right. It is like it is listening to his master’s orders.
All other Nandhi’s in Kakatiya dynasty is of the same type.
The sides of the temple are carved as the elephants which are 526 in number. The speciality of these elephants is one elephant is completely different from others. The history of Ramappa temple says that these elephants represent the direction of Pradakshina of Hindu rituals.
The star shape symbol which is not a perfect star is the aerial view of the temple.
The temple plan of the main Rameswara temple. A flight of five steps leads to the stepped diamond basement forms the entrance of the mandapa. Another flight of steps takes one into the mandapa from three sides, as seen in the plan here.
We can also see Lord Buddha, Mahavira, Sri Krishna, Lord Vishnu, and Dhasavataram. we can also see an Egyptian.we also have international trade routes in the early 800 years ago. The sea routes were Motapalli. During Kakatiya rulers Marcopola and Egyptian traveller visited India.
Perini Dance Form
Kakatiya rulers dance before going to war. The dance is Prerana, now it is Perini Shiva Thandavam. Perini is performed in honour of Lord Siva, the Hindu god of destruction and it is believed that in ancient times this was performed before the soldiers set to war.
The Perini Thandavam is a dance form usually males perform it. Warriors before leaving for the battlefield enact this dance before the idol of Lord Shiva. The dance form, Perini, reached its pinnacle during the rule of the ‘Kakatiyas’ who established their dynasty at Warangal and ruled for almost two centuries.
Padmasree recipient Nataraja Ramakrishna developed a Tandava dance named ‘Perini‘ that originated from the time of the Kakatiya dynasty in the 11th century
This temple imagistically stands on 6 feet high star-shaped platform. According to the history of Ramappa temple, the Temple construction is of sandbox technology. On top of that, they used Rathi to build three entrances of the Temple. Inside the main temple and gopuram, they used lite weight stones which can float on water. sand that is below the temple and the lite weight construction would rescue during the times of natural disasters.
Entrance Of Temple
Gajakesari: This was not the name of the sculpture. Kakatiya Dynasty ruler Ganapathi Deva got the title Gajakesari from his father Rudra Deva. Later it was given to his daughter Rudrama Devi. Gaja means elephant and Kesari means lion. Between the elephant and lino, we can see a soldier. This proves that the rulers Ganapathi Deva and Rudrama Deva were very powerful. They have the power of lion and elephant.
There are 4 women on each side of the entrance they are 12 in number. Tribal woman, a dancing woman with long nails, a woman with long front and back hills, Nagini woman, a huntress, a salabhanjika, and many.
Pillars Of Temple
This is one of the amazing sculptors in Ramappa Temple. In this, 3 people were sharing 2 pairs of legs. When we see from one side by closing the other side we can see the legs belong to one person only. Their kills were wonderful. A small thread can go through the small holes below showed pillar.
Jaali’s work on the entrance door to the antarala has circles. These are formed by creepers encircling dancers and drummers.
The architecture of this temple is carved in a very intricate and delicate way. We can see the Amritha mantra and distribution of Amrith. The birth of Lord Ganesha. This is the Natya mandap in Ramappa temple. The top of the roof has Nataraja Swamy, people pray to the god of dance before they start.
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