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The Science Behind the Mystery of Ice-Volcanoes!

What is it that makes the ice-volcanoes different?. Ice does weird things, and all of us have heard about volcanoes and volcanic eruptions at some or the other point of our lives. So here’s everything you need to know about ice-volcanoes!

THE ‘COOL’ VOLCANOES?

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It is absolutely impossible for the earthen bowels to belch magma and lava that has anything to do with ICE. That makes ice-volcanoes different. Ice-volcanoes are formed when waves generated in a water body force the water out of a small outlet. As a consequence, the water spurts out of the opening, runs down and freezes, like lava.



These ice volcanoes are formed when the temperature goes down several degrees below the freezing temperature; the kind that makes you squeeze into your warm blanket, sipping piping hot coffee!

Generally, there are some things that volcanoes normally require to exist:

  1. The pressure difference between the surface and the portion below it.
  2. Different densities

(As any of these differences is created naturally, the universe goes running on balancing these relative to the law of nature.)

  1. Extreme temperature variations

(Volcanoes require extreme temperature variation on either side of the temperature scale.)

However, ice-volcanoes are no different from the regular conventional volcanoes in their functionality of working. The only difference that exists is that here, that the magma is a mixture of water, ammonia, methane and chlorides of elements. These elements mix up with water and help it solidify when it comes in contact with the atmosphere, spurting out of the opening.

ICE-VOLCANOES IN THE OUTER SPACE:

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There are 3 heat sources which act on the volcanic eruptions taking place on various celestial bodies. They are

  1. Radiogenic heat
  2. Primordial heat
  3. Tidal heat

Radiogenic heat which catalyzes the decay of radioactive substances present on the crust of the body.

Primordial heat comes from the leftovers of a violent explosion that renders the formation of the celestial bodies itself.

Tidal heat acts under the influence of the gravitational pull of the celestial body and its neighbouring celestial bodies altogether.

These factors are the fundamental reasons why the moons of a particular planet are names as the most active volcanic objects in space. Hence, this is why the moons of Jupiter are the most volcanic objects in the universe

The same kinds of surface heats act on water erupting from the earth’s surface, the temperature of the system needs balancing. This water acts very similar to how the magma does. It may contain various gases, crystals, solid pieces of various materials, or other compounds that might have dissolved into the water. The water rises up to balance the temperature and pressure and consequently forces its way out of the outlet to the crust of the body, often causing mild earthquakes. The chlorides help the water temperature lower down and solidify.

Other than this, there are a number of facts that are yet to be discovered about these insanely magnificent marvels of nature!

To know more, take a look at this video: