As the world is getting more aware of the increasing climate problems likewise, attempts are being made to tackle the same. If it comes to taking the initiative and being more innovative with the ideas then China has definitely taken the lead. To tackle the problem of ever-increasing emission of Co2 China has come up with Electric buses. It will not be the first time that a country has thought about it but China has definitely emerged as the king in this field.
Why electric buses?
As per the report, Bloomberg New Energy Finance, 1000 electric buses save 500 barrels of diesel in a single day! So how much can be conserved in a month? Or in a year? You do the math. And it is said every saved penny is also a penny earned. So every time emission is stopped it does two things. Firstly, no new pollution is added to the already existing one. Secondly, it also serves to motivate others to do the same. In today’s time, we need motivation.
When did the concept of electric buses start?
It all started in Shenzhen, China, in 2009. It was the first amongst other 13 cities selected for the trial of electricity operated vehicles in China. The attempt was a success and soon it became a force to be reckoned with. Shenzhen became the first city to be fully operated on EV (Electric Vehicles) in public transportation, globally. It has more than 16,000 electric buses under its belt by the end of 2017.
Who started it?
A Chinese automaker BYD Auto developed battery-operated buses called BYD K9. There are also other models in the same category, for example, F3DM, F6DM, e6, etc. these vehicles normally operate on batteries made of lithium iron phosphate batteries. They are single charge batteries i.e. you need to charge it once in 24 hours.
A survey was made in Shenzhen, 2016 according to that Electric buses consume less than 72.9% less energy than a diesel bus. It has an average operating mileage of 174.4 km. This results in an energy saving of 366,000 tons of coal. Electric buses lead to lower emission of CO2 (67.02 kg CO2 per 100 km) in the air by 48% than diesel vehicles (129.91 kg co2 per 100 km). As per SMTC, 1.353 million tons reduction in CO2 emission was found in 2017. There was also a reduction of about 431.6 tons of other pollutants namely, NO, PM Etc.
What is our country doing?
We too have followed up with the changing trends. Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation tested K9 on a three month trial period, in December 2013. In June 2018, Kerala became the sixth state to follow up the lead of electric buses. The trial initiated at the capital, Thiruvananthapuram for five days followed by two other cities, making it a total of fifteen days. Recently, our capital Delhi too joined the party with the announcement of additional 1000 electric buses. The first batch will arrive in Delhi by the end of this year.
This had made us, India second i.e. next to China in this long list of acquiring electric buses.
To curb the increasing problem of pollution this is a great effort. The electric buses are the need of the hour.